An overview of the causes of the french revolution in 1789 in paris

By 27 June, the royal party had overtly given in, although the military began to arrive in large numbers around Paris and Versailles.

French revolution for kids

In November of , soldiers loyal to Bonaparte took control over key points in Paris and begin the process of ending the reign of the Directory. Faced with opposition from the parlements, Calonne organised the summoning of the Assembly of Notables. Mistakes would be made when the accumulated experience of generations was pushed aside as so much routine, prejudice, fanaticism, and superstition. So, in , Turgot was dismissed and Malesherbes resigned. In good times, the taxes were burdensome; in harsh times, they were devastating. The financial crisis had become a political crisis as well, [38] and the French Revolution loomed just beyond the horizon. This led to the French Revolutionary Wars, a series of military conflicts lasting from until The National Convention took over power from the Legislative Assembly and was much more radical in nature. These new ideas cause people in France to begin questioning the role and authority of Louis XVI and inspire French commoners to work to overthrow their absolute monarch. After trying in vain to raise Paris, the Robespierrist deputies and most members of the Commune were guillotined the next day, July Many were so destitute that they couldn't even feed their families and resorted to theft or prostitution to stay alive. The more radical revolutionaries, the Jacobins, were concerned that foreign and internal groups would threaten the revolution and used their power to stop any perceived threat.

Thousands of people were executed including Queen Marie Antoinette and many of Robespierre's political rivals. By France was broke. Robespierre Robespierre then declared a new religion called the Supreme Being and carried out a series of celebrations based around the new faith.

The Revolution nevertheless freed the state from the trammels of its medieval past, releasing such unprecedented power that the revolutionaries could defy, and Napoleon conquer, the rest of Europe.

the french revolution summary

His severed head was paraded for the gathered thousands and met with cries of "Vive la Republique! This practice was known as "taxation populaire", or popular taxation. They responded on July 14 by storming the Bastille fortress, which fell within a few hours.

Why did the french revolution start

In each country, servicing the debt accounted for about one-half the government's annual expenditure; where they differed was in the effective rates of interest. In France, the debt was financed at almost twice the interest rate as the debt across the Channel. Tax collection was farmed out privatized to "fermiers", through a system of public bidding. Napoleon Bonaparte leading his troops at the Battle of Arcole during the French Revolutionary Wars Coup of 18th Brumaire Internally, in , a new constitution was put in force which established the Directory, a five member committee which governed France. Insurrection broke out in Paris. Bankruptcy was averted by the confiscation of ecclesiastical land, and the church and law courts were reconstructed to conform with a rational and uniform system of local government by elected councils. In theory, this would eventually lead to a war of revenge and see France regain its colonies from Britain. Similarly, the destination of tithes which the peasants were obliged to pay to their local churches was a cause of grievance as it was known that the majority of parish priests were poor and the contribution was being paid to an aristocratic, and usually absentee, abbot. It began on July 14, when revolutionaries stormed a prison called the Bastille. Political causes[ edit ] During the reigns of Louis XV — and Louis XVI — , several ministers, most notably Turgot and Necker , proposed revisions to the French tax system so as to include the nobles as taxpayers, but these proposals were not adopted because of resistance from the parlements provincial courts of appeal. It had last met in The revolution itself unfolded as a series of significant events that displayed the growth of the peasant class and the fall of the French monarchy. Instead, the " Parkinson's law " of bureaucratic overextended waste prevailed, to the detriment of the gentry and other non-seigneurial classes. Worse, Louis seemed to be aware of the anti-monarchist forces that were threatening his family's rule, yet he failed to do anything to stop them.

It brought new ideas to Europe including liberty and freedom for the commoner as well as the abolishment of slavery and the rights of women. Marxist scholars emphasize material factors: as the population increased, food supplies grew short; land had become divided into such small parcels that most Frenchmen lived close to the subsistence level; and after agricultural recession forced property owners to exploit their sources of revenue.

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The French Revolution