Legal aspects of professional psychology

legal issues in counselling and psychotherapy

Practical and ethical issues in teaching psychological testing. American Psychologist, 47, — This is a part of the informed consent process, discussed earlier.

Ethical and cultural issues in psychological testing

If she had fulfilled the first request only she would have been following the proper guidelines for confidentiality. This is determined through discussions with the patient about his or her condition and possible treatment options. Intellectual Competence See results Important Role Professional Competence Plays in Professional Psychology The definition of professional competence has changed over the years to encompass not only acquiring specialized knowledge but also to include the way that knowledge is used. According to the American Psychological Association APA , , every psychologist has a primary obligation to take all of the necessary precautions to securely protect confidential information that has been obtained through or stored in any medium. In Firestein, B. Medical and mental health care professionals operate under strict ethical and legal guidelines concerning the protection of client confidentiality. In that case the therapist was a social worker who disclosed confidential information when requested by the court. Issues in one or more of these areas can result in legal actions taken by the client, including class action lawsuits by groups of individuals who believe that they were not being treated fairly or were singled out based on their race, gender, or ethnicity. If the client is still receiving therapy from the psychologist this could have an adverse effect on his or her treatment program and damage any trust he or she had developed. Confidentiality can only be broken with the permission of the client, or their medical proxy as long as doing so does not break any laws or it can be disclosed if it is required by law under certain conditions. Possessing general training in the field of psychology does not mean that a therapist is qualified in every situation that could arise. There are many reasons patients may refuse care even though it is needed and they understand the possible consequences of their decision.

Journal of Counseling and Development, 78 3— All evaluations have to be based on the professional literature rather than personal biases and opinions, including cultural, racial and ethnic factors. Addressing multiple relationships between clients and therapists in lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender communities.

Google Scholar Sullivan, L. Google Scholar Cottone, R.

legal issues in counselling pdf

Another legal doctrine under informed consent is self-determination. In the Supreme Court ruled that people have the right to self-determination and in Schloendorff v.

Google Scholar Kessler, L. Legal requirements may also be in conflict with the Ethics Code or with other laws, and the Ethics Code requires psychologists to "take steps to resolve the conflict in a responsible manner" Arnaut and Hill, p.

Ethical issues in psychological testing

Nicholas, B. If she had fulfilled the first request only she would have been following the proper guidelines for confidentiality. The principle of informed consent and refusal needs three components to be there in order to confirm with the decisions of medical Those conditions include if it is needed to provide required services, obtain a consultation, protect someone from harm, or to get paid for provided services American Psychological Association, There are many laws in place addressing these issues as well as guidelines developed through different organizations. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 23 3 , — In Hersen, M. Not only can that trust be damaged by a lack of competence, it would also be unethical to attempt to provide a service without the proper training. Issues in one or more of these areas can result in legal actions taken by the client, including class action lawsuits by groups of individuals who believe that they were not being treated fairly or were singled out based on their race, gender, or ethnicity. CrossRef Google Scholar Copyright information. In Firestein, B. This is determined through discussions with the patient about his or her condition and possible treatment options. Influence of Legislation and Case Law Decisions on the Practice of Professional Psychology Over the last week we have discussed a number of court cases in class that have influenced changes in the practice of professional psychology.
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Legal Aspects of Professional Psychology