Problem of evil and best world

The problem of evil pdf

To show that the first premise is plausible, subsequent versions tend to expand on it, such as this modern example: [2] God exists. Can the believer in God escape from this dilemma? According to the logical problem of evil, it is logically impossible for God and evil to co-exist. Thus, it does not appear that, with respect to any choice of morally good and morally bad options, God is free to choose a bad option. Do people really need to die from heart disease and flash floods in order for us to have morally significant free will? Anselm's A. So, when they do perform right actions, they should not be praised. Finally, unjust suffering may cause compassion, but it also breeds resentment. It only shows that it could be worse, there could be no resulting good. And to all the beasts of the earth and all the birds of the air and all the creatures that move on the ground—everything that has the breath of life in it—I give every green plant for food. Most people are tempted to answer "No" when first exposed to this description, but think carefully about it. This simple, concise proof makes the existence of God very unlikely granted the fact of pointless suffering in the world. But as will become clear when we consider evidential versions of the argument from evil, it may well be that one can have justified beliefs about the rightness and wrongness of actions. A world full of suffering, trials and temptations is more conducive to the process of soul-making than a world full of constant pleasure and the complete absence of pain. Essentially, there are three ways in which one might attempt to defend this inference.

Some scholars, such as David Griffinstate that the free will, or the assumption of greater good through free will, does not apply to animals. And to all the beasts of the earth and all the birds of the air and all the creatures that move on the ground—everything that has the breath of life in it—I give every green plant for food.

The survey included the question "If you could ask God only one question and you knew he would give you an answer, what would you ask? The ideas about the qualities of the early Hebrew god when combined ideas about the Greek ideal deity have made for many problems.

Do we have such knowledge?

evidential problem of evil

Plantinga, Alvin. None of us can comprehend that suffering. Since they are pre-programmed to be good, they deserve no praise for it.

Solutions to the problem of evil

That means that a set of statements is logically consistent if and only if that set does not include a direct contradiction and a direct contradiction cannot be deduced from that set. Lewis, C. But now Draper introduces two substantive claims. The idea here is that we are an integral part of God's creation. Jones' infant daughter against polio, you would no longer view Mrs. Is W3 possible? Quentin Smith, an atheist philosopher, writes, The response of atheists and agnostics to this development has been comparatively weak, indeed almost invisible. If evil exists, then God cannot exist. Therefore, from 4 and 5 : If there is an omnipotent and omniscient being, then that being performs some morally wrong actions.
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Problem of Evil (Responses)