Then, on July 20,the space race reached its peak when Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin landed on the moon and walked on its surface during the Apollo 11 mission.
Space race facts
On April 2, , President Eisenhower reacted to the Soviet space lead in launching the first satellite by recommending to the US Congress that a civilian agency be established to direct nonmilitary space activities. On May 5, astronaut Alan Shepard became the first American in space though not in orbit. For this reason, the Soviet Union omitted from their FAI submission the fact that Gagarin did not land with his capsule. This was followed two months later by Apollo 8, which sent a crew around the moon and back to Earth. This frenzy of interest was further encouraged by the new medium of television. It also created a Civilian-Military Liaison Committee, chaired by the President, responsible for coordinating the nation's civilian and military space programs. Johnson Space Center facility. It involved a continuing state of political conflict, military tension, proxy wars, and economic competition, primarily between the Soviet Union and its satellite states often referred to as the Eastern Bloc and the powers of the Western world , particularly the United States. SAC employed intercontinental strategic bombers, as well as medium-bombers based close to Soviet airspace in western Europe and in Turkey that were capable of delivering nuclear payloads.
It is a happy ending to a harrowing story that began back there in ' Man on the Moon After many years of experiments, test flights, and training the Apollo 11 spacecraft was launched into space on July 16, A beautiful softball-size navigation globe, a miniature planetarium.
It also created a Civilian-Military Liaison Committee, chaired by the President, responsible for coordinating the nation's civilian and military space programs. Goddard had worked on developing solid-propellant rockets sinceand demonstrated a light battlefield rocket to the US Army Signal Corps only five days before the signing of the armistice that ended World War I.
The program got off to a horrific start on Jan. While there are some competitive aspects, such as the potential for fights over limited lunar resourcestomorrow's space races will involve a greater number of actors and more muddled win-lose scenarios than before.
Marshall Space Flight Centerwith von Braun as its first director.
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