Tuberculosis infectious disease essay

Drug resistance in a patient who has never received anti-TB treatment previously is termed as primary resistance. Essay on Transmission of Tuberculosis: The principal risk method of being infected with TB is by inhaling contaminated air containing microbes that cause this disease.

TB usually affects the lungs, although it can spread to other organs around the body. The definitive diagnosis is through an acid fast stain of the bacteria in a lab, obtained through multiple sputum cultures and a chest x-ray showing abnormalities of the lungs.

Tuberculosis wikipedia

Abstract Tuberculosis TB is one of the most ancient diseases of mankind, with molecular evidence going back to over 17, years. Scanning electron micrograph of M. The interventions of health care are needed in order to decrease the mortality and morbidity rate. It further classifies the currently available antiretroviral ART agents as follows: nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors NRTIs , non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors NNRTIs , protease inhibitors PIs , integrase inhibitors, chemokine receptor antagonists and entry fusion inhibitors. Compared with other diseases caused by a single infectious agent, tuberculosis is the second biggest killer, globally. Clin Infec Dis. These are taken in pill form, by mouth. According to it, every second, someone in the world is newly infected with TB bacilli and 1 in every 10 of these newly infected people will become sick or infectious later in life. Quality control of active ingredients in artemisinin-derivative antimalarials within Kenya and DR Congo. Risk factors are people more susceptible for TB and include children, HIV-positive people, diabetes patients, smokers or other conditions which reduce the working of the immune system most notably in the lungs [1]. In India, historically speaking, fight against TB can be broadly classified into three periods: early period, before the discoveries of x-ray and chemotherapy; post-independence period, during which nationwide TB control programs were initiated and implemented; and the current period, during which the ongoing WHO-assisted TB control program is in place.

In the year0. About 2 billion people are estimated to be latently infected and might reactivate into active TB disease Kasprowicz et al.

tuberculosis symptoms

This can happen when someone that has the active form of tuberculosis in the lungs which has not been treated coughs, speaks, sneezes, spits, laughs, or sings. They include India, Indonesia, China and Nigeria. Proceedings of the Tuberculosis Association of India.

Tb essay writing

It will discuss the biology of the bacterium, risks factors and the importance of immunisation and prevention. With dealing with such a horrific disease over the years, discoveries and evolution on the appropriate ways to contain, diagnose, and challengingly treat the disease has changed. Proceedings of the Tuberculosis Association of India. Tuberculosis is a very serious infectious disease that attacks mainly a human lung through bacteria that travel from one person to another by tiny droplets through the air by coughing and sneezing. Fragments of spinal columns from Egyptian mummies dating back to BC show definite pathological signs of tubercular decay. Indian J Tuber. Treatment with appropriate antibiotics kills bacteria and allows healing to take place. Communicable disease is also known as infectious transmittable contaminated diseases that grow from minimal infections to severe infections. Tuberculosis has surged in great epidemics and then receded, Mycobacterium tuberculosis may have killed more persons than any other microbial pathogen Frith, a. This is done by firstly finding the adults who have Tuberculosis. Symptoms will depend on the part it affects. However, in the mids, TB cases began to rise worldwide, so much so, that in , the World Health Organization WHO declared that TB was a global emergency ; the first time that a disease had been labeled as such. Would you like to send us a comment about this page? Sadly, as a result of the little light shone on the problem, the existing means of informing the public are not ideal, being either traumatizing to the audience or not emphasizing the severity of the issue to the proper degree.

This respiratory illness usually infects the lungs, although it can affect any part of body or both at the same time. Risk factors are people more susceptible for TB and include children, HIV-positive people, diabetes patients, smokers or other conditions which reduce the working of the immune system most notably in the lungs [1].

But the treatment will only be successful if the drugs are taken exactly as required for the entire length of time. Results Description Tuberculosis spreads via the air, which means that the lungs are usually the first places to be infected with the bacteria.

Indian government plans to cover the entire country with the intensified package by TB in populations can be attributed to three distinct factors: 1.

Tuberculosis causes

General information regarding TB has been acquired with basic data search on various search engines and biotechnology libraries such as NCBI. Doctors make a distinction between two kinds of tuberculosis infection: latent and active. In the four states in southern India, the HIV prevalence appears to be slowly decreasing. The symptoms or signs depend on which area of the body has been infected. Symptoms Dormant Tuberculosis has no symptoms, and goes often unnoticed until it passes on to the next stage, where it becomes active. Symptoms of TB include coughing, chest pain, shortness of breath, loss of appetite, weight loss, fever, chills, and fatigue. The two essential factors for the rapid spread of TB are; crowded living conditions, which favour airborne transmission and a population with little natural resistance. Nov , pp. Footnotes Conflict of Interest: None declared.
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Introduction to Tuberculosis: Modern Days